The field of ethics (or moral philosophy) involves systematizing, defending, and recommending concepts of right and wrong behavior. Philosophers today usually divide ethical theories into three general subject areas: metaethics, normative ethics, and applied ethics. Metaethics investigates where our ethical principles come from, and what they mean. different kinds of moral theories Applied ethics. Applied ethics is a discipline of philosophy that attempts to apply ethical theory to reallife situations. The discipline has many specialized fields, such as engineering ethics, bioethics, geoethics, public service ethics and business ethics.
Each theory emphasizes different points a different decisionmaking style or a decision rulesuch as predicting the outcome and following ones duties to others in order to reach what the individual considers an ethically correct decision. different kinds of moral theories
Each moral theory holds a specific approach in how to handle lifes decisions. Throughout history, a few moral theories have surfaced and have been analyzed for their strengths and weaknesses. A moral theory often shapes a persons attitude toward others, belief system and life choices. Moral Theories. Through the ages, there have emerged multiple common moral theories and traditions. We will cover each one briefly below with explanations and how they differ from other moral theories. Consequentialist theories, unlike virtue and deontological theories, hold that only the consequences, or outcomes, of actions matter morally. Normative ethical relativism theory says that the moral rightness and wrongness of actions varies from society to society and that there are no absolute universal moral standards binding on all men at all times. The theory claims that all thinking about the basic principles of morality (Ethics) is always relative. different kinds of moral theories How can the answer be improved? Other terms in ethics: Rights Rights are claims that you deserve something from someone or some group. Rights can be legal, contractual, or moral. Primarily, we are discussing moral rights in this class. These types of rights are derived from moral theories or beliefs and entail dutiesobligations for others. The ethical theories that philosophers have advanced fall into three main groups. To understand these different types, one needs to think about the different types of moral or ethical judgments, broadly conceived, that people make. 1. Everyday MoralEthical Judgments Question: What are some of the different types of ethical judgments, broadly Types of Consequentialism. Some consequentialist theories include: Utilitarianism, which holds that an action is right if it leads to the most happiness for the greatest number of people ( happiness here is defined as the maximization of pleasure and the minimization of pain ). Hedonism